But some places are a lot worse than others.
Mississippi continues to have the ignominious distinction of being far and away the most punitive state in the US, followed by South Carolina, Arkansas, Louisiana, and Alabama. (Scroll over each state to see raw numbers per year for each of the above interventions.) And there is an association between treating kids badly and rates of incarceration of adults. Click here to see incarceration rates by state.
Kudos to Utah for being (again) the least punitive state, followed by California, and North Dakota. But every state has work to do. Punitive interventions are used in schools in every state, and none of these interventions solve the problems that are causing concerning behavior in our students.
By the way, there is good reason to believe that the data reported by the U.S. Department of Education represent underestimates. So the problem is much worse than is being reported. We have not updated our data to reflect the recently-released 2020-21 DOE dataset, because those data were collected during COVID and we believe they do not provide an accurate reflection of the reality. So our data still reflect the 2017-18 dataset.
Here are resources providing information about policies related to restraint and seclusion, exclusionary disciplinary practices, and corporal punishment for each state. And here is another resource providing information about the degree to which each state prioritizes social, emotional, and academic development (the discipline tab is of particular interest).